Panama protects its natural resources with 29% of all land set aside for conservation, 25% of this land is designated as national parks covering around 5 million acres. You can see in Panama 220 mammals and 354 reptiles and amphibians, and these include 125 animal species unique to Panama. There are 954 recorded bird species of which 122 are migrants. There are spectacular annual migrations of birds such as hawks and turkey vultures. The quetzal is found in large numbers in the Chiriqui Highlands. There are wonderful birding sites at Pipeline Road in Soberania, Cana Valley in the Darien, in the Cerro Azul Mountains and in the cloud forests. There are 10,000 species of plants found in Panama including 1,200 varieties of orchids, 1,500 types of trees, and 687 different ferns. The Smithsonian Institute of Tropical Research has been studying plants and wild life in Panama for nearly a century.